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الاعشاب الطبية بالانجليزية

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الاعشاب الطبية بالانجليزية

مُساهمة  Admin في الخميس مايو 06, 2010 10:37 am

Herbalism


[وحدهم المشرفون لديهم صلاحيات معاينة هذه الصورة]

Herbalism is a traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts. Herbalism is also known as botanical medicine, medical herbalism, herbal medicine, herbology, and phytotherapy. The scope of herbal medicine is sometimes extended to include fungal and bee products, as well as minerals, shells and certain animal parts[1].
Many plants synthesize substances that are useful to the maintenance of health in humans and other animals. These include aromatic substances, most of which are phenols or their oxygen-substituted derivatives such as tannins. Many are secondary metabolites, of which at least 12,000 have been isolated — a number estimated to be less than 10% of the total. In many cases, substances such as alkaloids serve as plant defense mechanisms against predation by microorganisms, insects, and herbivores. Many of the herbs and spices used by humans to season food yield useful medicinal compounds.[2][3]
Despite the increased popularity of herbal treatments, the safety and effectiveness of alternative medicines have not been scientifically corroborated[4] and remain largely unknown.[5]. A number of herbs are thought to be likely to cause adverse effects[4]. Furthermore, "adulteration, inappropriate formulation, or lack of understanding of plant and drug interactions have led to adverse reactions that are sometimes life threatening or lethal[6]." Herbalists are often trained to take well-established risks into consideration when patients consult them.

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